Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will involve reflection on written texts – the thinking and research that has already been done on your subject. In order to write your own analysis of this subject, you will need to do careful critical reading of sources and to use them critically to make your own argument. The judgments and interpretations you make of the texts you read are the first steps towards formulating your own approach.
Critical Reading: What is It?
To read critically is to make judgements about how a text is argued. This is a highly reflective skill requiring you to “stand back” and gain some distance from the text you are reading. (You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading.) THE KEY IS THIS:
• don’t read looking only or primarily for information
• do read looking for nways of thinkig about the subject matter
When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of evidence, lists of facts and examples. Avoid approaching a text by asking “What information can I get out of it?” Rather ask “How does this text work? How is it argued? How is the evidence (the facts, examples, etc.) used and interpreted? How does the text reach its conclusions?
How Do I Read Looking for Ways of Thinking? Continue reading
Communication is a deliberate or unintentional transfer of knowledge. It is a dynamic process that a person interacts internally or with the external world. Every second of life people are communicating either verbally or nonverbally. It has been assumed that facial language contributes 55% of total communication, 38 % paralinguistic and 7% spoken language. Now effectiveness of language must not be concentrated only to spoken language only. The accent and beauty you provide in your words and the complementary physical gestures and postures play a great role. So, all the extent and behavior of our communication determines owns personality. Personality is the sum of total of ways in which an individual reacts to and with others. Gordon Allport nearly 70 years ago used personality as “the dynamic organization with in the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.” So personality means a dynamic concept of describing the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system. Every time people are interacting to outsiders and his interior attitude or state of mind is continuously reflecting. So, communication is a medium that anyone’s personality is reflected.
Communication really matters level and type of personality. Anyone who can express his inner feelings and emotions, address real output of what remains inside his brain can develop by himself to get appreciation and motivation from others. But some people lack this potential to interact so they face problems of double personality problems. Inside they are one person and outside they are communicating or interacting totally different. Unless people develop or sharpen an effective way of communicating to outsiders or give an excellent exposure there are always lags in their personality development. One’s attitude, behavior and personality can be noticed and evaluated by the communication skills he possesses. His inner state of mind and standard is weighed by the output reflected to the outsiders. So, personality development occurs only when his potential becomes compatible to real output he makes.
However, personality is determined by three factors viz. heredity, environment and the current situation. Some traits related to physical stature, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle composition and reflexes, energy level, and biological rhythms are generally considered either completely or substantially influenced by who our parents are. Many results have concluded that personality is reflected from these traits carried out biologically. Similarly, people’s behavior depends up on the way they have been grown up. The environment the people are facing up has direct impact on his personality. There are various such examples: The personality of people of New York and those of Down Town is totally different. New York people are helpful, cooperative and cool personality people while the people of Down Town are very aggressive, stunt and have own accent in speaking. The child who has grown up in happy and friendlier environment has good behavior and manner than the one who grew up in scarcity, violence or any crisis.