Nepal Graduating from LDC

Nepal is among the group of 48 least developed countries of the world. During the formulation of three category nations (developed, developing and LDC) made in 1971, there were only 25 member tagged as the “Least Developed Countries”. But only 4 member nations graduated to the developing nation status and another 27 nations joined the club over the last four and half decades. Today, the UN Agency aims to reduce the number of LDCs from 48 to 24 by 2020. As poverty, inequality and underdevelopment anywhere are a threat to prosperity, the agenda of graduating as many LDCs as possible to developing country status has become a shared concern of all.

Nepal soon to be promoted to Developing Nation

Nepal soon to be promoted to Developing Nation

Nepal had made a vision to put a tagline of “developing nation” by the end of 2022 in the current 3 years plan. Different calculations show that Nepal had met two of the three goals, which are enough for the country to move from the league of least developed countries to that of developing nations. Continue reading

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What would you do if your boss is in a wrong path

Every person in the world makes mistakes. Whether it is supervisor or subordinate, boss or employee, and leader or follower, they may have committed mistake at one or other times. So it’s not a matter of surprise that the executive or superior person makes mistakes. But the best person is one who learns something from the prior mistakes and shapes the future endeavors.

boss threatening employees

boss threatening employees

If you are a fresher and planning to join the organization, you may face some of the issues, where you may think that your boss is not in the right track. You may encounter a situation where your boss is following a wrong procedure and leading the organization towards the chaos of uncertainty. At such times what would you do? You have two options:

Either to point the mistakes of your boss or to follow him/her by ignoring the mistakes. Continue reading

A journey from Kathmandu to Dustmandu

dust particles in the road

Dusty roads in Kathmandu

Kathmandu: Capital city of Nepal and also known as the city of Temple is gradually losing its status these days. With the human civilization, the capital city’s beauty has entered into the phase of retrogression. As the number of peoples grew, the infrastructures of building and roads has built in such a manner that it needs Google to find the free land now. Common properties such as temples, rivers and park become victim of people and their status is depreciating each day.

Kathmandu is the heart of more than 30 lakhs population searching for their status. There are three types of people in Kathmandu:

  1. Those who have lost their status
  2. Those who are in search of their status and
  3. Those who are maintaining their status. Continue reading

Everywhere money: everywhere

Wide mountain range of Nepal

Wide mountain range of Nepal

Out of 204 independent nations in the world, 2/3rd of them don’t know about us and remaining 1/3rd of them knows us as poor country. There is no question about this statement because it is a damn fact. If donors, INGOs, and neighboring countries stops giving aids and loan to the country, everyone knows the consequence; country will lose the most resourceful human resource as NRN, the patients of depression increases, suicide rate boosts up, and the gap between rich and poor grows in a geometric series.

Thanks to the donor for what they have done to us, without whom we could not see the present infrastructures. Also thanks to Nepalese citizens for their calm behavior, despite the country being 200 years back. For the things we are wondering today, developed countries have deserted it as outdated one. But we update our facebook status saying feeling excited and lucky using emotions, using those same outdated products and technology. Isn’t it amazing!? Continue reading

A dream of Nepalese Cricket

Nepal Cricket on rise

The bright future of Nepali Cricket

It has been 4 years since Nepal is in number one position in ICC cricket ranking. With 5 players in the top 10 ICC player ranking, Nepal has stood this position consecutively for four years. Different cricket expert mentions that now it’s almost impossible for rest of the world to defeat Nepal in international cricket match. History tells that Nepal is famous for its bravery as “Bir Gorkhali”, but new history has been created. Nepali is world famous for Cricket as well. Apart from RBC, WBC and platelets, a new component has been added in the Nepalese blood, i.e. “cricket”.

I was regretting myself to awake from the dream. But from the next outlook, I thanked myself that, yes, it is the next target for Nepal. Playing in the world cup used to be the dream for Nepalese cricket team. More importantly, watching live cricket world cup by supporting Nepalese team used to be myth for Nepalese cricket fans. We used to wish that what if Nepal would play the world cup and keep all the thread of hope within our mind.
Today, the dream comes true. Nepal has opened the door of cricket world cup. Now we should not ask any friend that which team you are supporting in this world cup. There would not be any clash among Nepalese regarding cricket supporters because all the Nepalese would be supporting Nepalese cricket.
Today Indians are claiming that Sachin Tendulkar is the god of Cricket. But they never know that, there are thousands of gods in this holy place to claim that I am the god of cricket. They have started to show the god characteristics today in their infant age. But think of their immense characters when they become matured. All the peoples in the world will be prayers and the Nepalese peoples will be the god of cricket.
Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal, Araniko was born in Nepal, Sita was born in Nepal. A major portion among 33million god was born in Nepal. The world knows this truth. But they are yet unaware about another fact that there are more thousands of cricket gods who are borned in this holy place “Nepal”
Jai Nepal
Jai Cricket

Performance of Nepalese Economy

Nepalese Economic growth under limit

Nepalese Economic growth under limit

With the end of every fiscal year, past performance is evaluated and new strategies are developed according. Few days earlier, fiscal year 2069/70 has been finished and the analysis of annual economy’s performance started. The performance of the last fiscal year 2069/70 does not seems to be satisfactory. Trade deficit, inflation and low economic growth have seen as the major challenge for the country.
The government had expected to have an economic growth of 5.5%, but in actuality, growth has stuck on only 3.6%. The production in agricultural goods has been decreased by 3.7% this year while the expansion on non agriculture increased by 4.98%. The Gross Development Product (GDP) of the country has been increased from 15.36 kharba to 17.01 kharba. It seems that the country is in a way of sluggish improvement. Continue reading

Havoc of bird flu in poultry farm industry of Nepal

the havoc of birdflu in nepal

Health officers destroying chickens as a means of controlling bird flu

Man bahadur Khatri has returned back from Malaysia by earning more than 1 crore in 4 years. He decided to invest his earning in such sector that maximizes the return in minimum effort. After carefully analyzing the industries in Nepal, he found poultry farm business as the right one and invested the whole earnings of his life. He took the land of Suryabinayak, Bhaktapur on lease and started his business. All the things were going as per the plan for 6 months, but suddenly his business took a new direction as the chickens started to die. The reason of turning effect is the viral disease “Bird flu”.

The multibillionaire poultry business of Nepal is really in great threat these days. The havoc in this industry is caused by none other than the viral disease, bird flu. This is not the first time this viral disease has seen in Nepal. Bird flu was first seen in Hetauda in 2065 BS. Till now, it is seen 106 times in whole Nepal and 36 times in Kathmandu valley only.

After the chickens started to get infected and die suddenly, the entrepreneurs of this sectors are really in trouble these days. Officials told that, the nature of virus (H5N1) has changed it’s nature. Earlier, bird flu used to be seen in the winter season only, but it has increased its resistivity and started to flourish in the summer season too. With this rumor, there is a big question of poultry farm business in Nepal. Continue reading

Where is Nepal heading?

Where is nepal heading?

Where is nepal heading?

Each individual, since their school class, are taught that Nepal has got the highest potential of economic growth that may easily reach double digit. The huge water resource, natural gift of mountain, river, topographic structure, adventure destinations and hospitality is really the best in this whole world. If only 1/3 of this resource is utilized properly, Nepal could easily reach the path of success.

This has been the story ever since we were reading in class five and no sign of improvement is seen till now. 13 years has been passed, and more than 10 prime minister have already migrated to Baluwatar. But, none of them succeeded to show the path of economic growth to Nepal. Even the situation has more worsened. Nepal has been relegated from developing country to least developed country and the nation has started to depend fully upon the remittance economy. What other could be the factor of shame rather than the act of remittance driven economy. Continue reading

8 lane ring road in Kathmandu

Kathmandu ring road

8 lane ring road of Kathmandu valley

Kathmandu soon is going to have a 8 lane ring road from Kalanki to Kotesswor in the aid of Chinese government. Vice president Paramananda Jha along with Chinese State councilor Yang Jiechi combinely laid the foundation stone for the project. The total length of the road is 9 km. The road consists of the combined package of footpath bicycle path and 8 lane vehicle path (4 km each side). Apart from that, there will be an under pass of about 8oo meters at Kalanki to ease traffic movement. Three new bridges will be built to cover different rivers. The expandable road project is only one third of the total ring road.

The present 27 km ring road was also constructed with an aid of china’s Government some three decades ago. After the completion of first phase of road expansion, department of road is planning to extend the remaining portion of the road. Continue reading

Dark side of water resource

When the calendar turns from jestha to ashad, some people seeks the number of holiday while others construct new aspiration for

Rainfall in Nepal

Rainfall in Nepal

the new month. But at the same time, the new month creates havoc for the people living near the territory of greatest rivers of Nepal, especially Koshi, Narayani and Mahakali. The river becomes crazy and starts to flow haphazardly towards the residential area near the coastal region.

Each year, the rivers destruct the life and property of people. Various media broadcast their tears to the public through different media and the government allocates small fund to calm down the issue. And again, each year, government constructs high level commission to find out the root cause of destruction. The committee prepares the report and submits the detailed bulky file to the government. Yet, the government is not interested in implementing the findings. All the parties (victim, government, layman, and other stakeholders) know the solution of the problem. Nevertheless, this has become a routine of our country Nepal. Continue reading

China Harayeko Manche: Review

China Harayeko Manche is an autobiography of one of the most shining comedy artist of Nepal, Hari Bamsa Acharya. He, along

Hari Bamsha Acharya

China Harayeko Manche

with is partner Madan Krishna Shrestha, combinely called as MAHA, have made a huge contribution in the sector of Arts and entertainment with the history of more than 35 years. The book China Harayeko Manche reveals the struggle that Haribamsha Acharya made to reach the present position, the happy and painful situation he faced and the path he followed in such circumstances. This book could be the best strategy to know whether he has got the similar character as in telefilms or not. Is the life of Haribamsa full of joy and excitement who makes other happy and laughing. We can get the perfect answer to this question and learn a lot from the chapters of his life. In fact, China Harayeko Manche is a compact package of the Hari Bamsha Acharya which gives a knowledge equivalent to our degree that we have learnt till now.

The book is divided in different sections ranging from his birth, early days of childhood, career development and the present status. It also focuses of the untimely demise of his wife Mira whom he used to love so much. It also includes the role played by MAHA Jodi on the various political movements and awareness programs during different tenure of time. Continue reading

Loadsheding in Nepal

Nepal is in its critical phase due to the power shortage. Currently, country is facing the bitter taste of 14 hours of loadsheding.

Loadsheding in nepal

Loadsheding in Neapl

Authority says that the period may extend upto 20 hours of power shortage. that means out of 24 hours, nepalese people will see the light only for 4 hours a day. You can just imagine its effect on daily activities of the people. Except the candle industry, increasing loadsheding has an adverse effect on each and every sectors of the country. The consequences of increasing loadsheding are described as below:

1. Due to the power shortage, industries have to use other alternatives of power which has high cost. so the cost of prod
uction of goods and services will definitely goes up. As a result, inflation will occur

2. The educational status of the country will also goes down. Students cant read write in the night time. As a result, they becomes lazy and neither teachers, nor parents can be accountable on such paradigm.

3. There in more chance of insecurity due to increasing loadsheding. The street lamps can’t burn at night time. So the activities like thieve, rape and kidnap will go up. The business will close early evening and the roads gets empty in the early evening. Continue reading

2012 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

The new Boeing 787 Dreamliner can carry about 250 passengers. This blog was viewed about 1,800 times in 2012. If it were a Dreamliner, it would take about 7 trips to carry that many people.

Click here to see the complete report.

2 states: Book Review

Chetan Bhagat is a young passionate writer who writes novels and other articles on the subject about youths. This is the reason why all the youth likes him and his articles.

Chetan bhagat did MBA and BE from the most rewarded Indian Institution. The flavor of education can be explicitly be seen in his articles and novels. It is also one of the reasons why I like his novels.

Recently, I had read one of his best novels “2 States”. It is a very interesting novel that tries to portray the cultural difference of two states of India and the circumstances that appeared during the life of the author. Basically in India, there is a vast cultural difference among the state and within the state too. The language, dress up, value, beliefs are totally different. All these things are explicitly revealed in this novel.

The main character Krish of Punjab background, falls in love with a south Indian girl called Ananya during their stay in IIMA. Their love was deeper in such a way that they can’t remain alone. But their parents aren’t going to accept their love easily. After the completion of their MBA degree, they separate for 3 month by going their home until they join their home. Continue reading

Brand Attributes of Ncell

Brand Identity

Brand Identity is all about creating distinct image in customers mind. Ncell too have tries to create distinct image on customers mind. The slogan of Ncell “Ncell Nepal kai Lagi”, is one of its step towards creating unique identity in present cut- throat competitive telecom market. The slogan itself has tried to build unique identity by eliciting personal attachment to Nepalese customers. Likewise, Ncell has developed its brand identity through brand symbol in the shape of a hi-tech stone in rich purple color. Whenever we talk about Ncell the purple colors comes to our mind that is unique identity created by Ncell.

Brand Image

Ncell enter to the market as a first private mobile operator in Nepal offering its services under the brand Mero Mobile, from that time being it has develop positive image on customers mind.
The Ncell brand came up under the common brand image of the TeliaSonera companies. So it was key advantage for Ncell to have preoccupied brand image of TeliaSonera in international market. To have positive brand image the product should have three main criteria like strong, favorable and uniqueness. Ncell is found to be competent all these respect. The customers have been highly delighted from its continuous quality services. Before the introduction of Ncell in the Telecom industry the customers were compelled suffer the poor service quality delivered by leading mobile operator NTC. The Ncell’s corporate values which are: being a pioneer in the market, reliability, agility in response to the market’s and consumers’ needs, social responsibility, and a deep and abiding aspiration to be an integral part of the country. Likewise, it has created uniqueness through the introduction of those services which were not been experienced in Nepal. For example, Ncell introduced itself as the first private telecommunication company to provide GSM service in Nepal.

Brand Differentiation

Ncell claimed that they have clear network. Customers also perceive Ncell network as reliable. Ncell has been able to differentiate it from NTC by positioning itself as superior network quality. Now NTC users also subscribe Ncell services for backup purpose. Likewise, people also differentia Ncell from other as a brand having unique services which are still not been provided by other companies.

Brand Objectives

Ncell Nepal’s main objectives are:

  • Ncell has been introduced mainly with the objective of breaking monopoly held by the state-owned Telecommunication Nepal Telecom.
  • To be forward among the telecommunications company providing the best services.

 

Brand Elements

Brand elements are those attributes of a brand or product that uniquely distinguish the brand from other brands. Ncell too have its several brand elements that has help it to make it unique as compare to other brands. Some its key brand elements are:

Brand Name

Ncell is an excellent example of re-branding in Nepalese business arena. Initially it came up with brand name “Mero Mobile”. Later after 2010 it came up with new brand name Ncell.  The word Ncell compromises of two words N- cell, the letter “N” stands for Nepal and cell stands for simply phone.

Logos

Hi-tech stone in rich purple color is its present corporate logo. This Hi-stone reflects the strong connectivity. The logo that has been used by Ncell in Nepal is the same logo used by its parent company TeliaSonera.

Color

Ncell’s purple corporate color is very well-known in Nepalese Corporate sector. The purple color is energizing and inspiring, it reflects the creativity, passion and reliability with which Ncell will continue to serve its customers. This can be taken as one of the excellent example of company trying to create brand identity through its corporate color in Nepal.

Sound

The music/sound used in Ncell TV, Radio advertisement is catchy and touching so that customers easily recognize or recall the brand whenever they heard it in TV or Radio advertisement.

How to analyse critically?

Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will involve reflection on written texts – the thinking and research that has already been done on your subject. In order to write your own analysis of this subject, you will need to do careful critical reading of sources and to use them critically to make your own argument. The judgments and interpretations you make of the texts you read are the first steps towards formulating your own approach.

Critical Reading: What is It?

To read critically is to make judgements about how a text is argued. This is a highly reflective skill requiring you to “stand back” and gain some distance from the text you are reading. (You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading.) THE KEY IS THIS:

•             don’t read looking only or primarily for information

•             do read looking for  nways of thinkig about the subject matter

When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of evidence, lists of facts and examples. Avoid approaching a text by asking “What information can I get out of it?” Rather ask “How does this text work? How is it argued? How is the evidence (the facts, examples, etc.) used and interpreted? How does the text reach its conclusions?

How Do I Read Looking for Ways of Thinking? Continue reading

Communication and personality development

Communication and personality developmentCommunication is a deliberate or unintentional transfer of knowledge. It is a dynamic process that a person interacts internally or with the external world. Every second of life people are communicating either verbally or nonverbally. It has been assumed that facial language contributes 55% of total communication, 38 % paralinguistic and 7% spoken language. Now effectiveness of language must not be concentrated only to spoken language only. The accent and beauty you provide in your words and the complementary physical gestures and postures play a great role. So, all the extent and behavior of our communication determines owns personality. Personality is the sum of total of ways in which an individual reacts to and with others. Gordon Allport nearly 70 years ago used personality as “the dynamic organization with in the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.” So personality means a dynamic concept of describing the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system. Every time people are interacting to outsiders and his interior attitude or state of mind is continuously reflecting. So, communication is a medium that anyone’s personality is reflected.

Communication really matters level and type of personality. Anyone who can express his inner feelings and emotions, address real output of what remains inside his brain can develop by himself to get appreciation and motivation from others. But some people lack this potential to interact so they face problems of double personality problems. Inside they are one person and outside they are communicating or interacting totally different. Unless people develop or sharpen an effective way of communicating to outsiders or give an excellent exposure there are always lags in their personality development. One’s attitude, behavior and personality can be noticed and evaluated by the communication skills he possesses. His inner state of mind and standard is weighed by the output reflected to the outsiders. So, personality development occurs only when his potential becomes compatible to real output he makes.

However, personality is determined by three factors viz. heredity, environment and the current situation. Some traits related to physical stature, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle composition and reflexes, energy level, and biological rhythms are generally considered either completely or substantially influenced by who our parents are. Many results have concluded that personality is reflected from these traits carried out biologically. Similarly, people’s behavior depends up on the way they have been grown up. The environment the people are facing up has direct impact on his personality. There are various such examples: The personality of people of New York and those of Down Town is totally different. New York people are helpful, cooperative and cool personality people while the people of Down Town are very aggressive, stunt and have own accent in speaking. The child who has grown up in happy and friendlier environment has good behavior and manner than the one who grew up in scarcity, violence or any crisis.

Conflict Management Techniques

A conflict is a common phenomenon in the workplace. It is also seen as an important aspect of the workplace. A conflict is a situation when the interests, needs, goals or values of involved parties interfere with one another. Different stakeholders may have different priorities. Conflicts may involve team members, departments, projects, organization and client, boss and subordinate, organization needs vs. personal needs. Often, a conflict is a result of perception. Is conflict a bad thing? Not necessarily. Often, a conflict presents opportunities for improvement. Therefore, it is important to understand (and apply) various conflict resolution techniques.

Forcing

Also known as competing. An individual firmly pursues his or her own concerns despite the resistance of the other person. This may involve pushing one viewpoint at the expense of another or maintaining firm resistance to another person’s actions.

Examples of when forcing may be appropriate

  • In certain situations when all other, less forceful methods, don’t work or are ineffective
  • When you need to stand up for your own rights, resist aggression and pressure
  • When a quick resolution is required and using force is justified (e.g. in a life-threatening situation, to stop an aggression)
  • As a last resort to resolve a long-lasting conflict

Possible advantages of forcing:

  • May provide a quick resolution to a conflict
  • Increases self-esteem and draws respect when firm resistance or actions were a response to an aggression or hostility

Win-Win (Collaborating)

Also known as problem confronting or problem solving. Collaboration involves an attempt to work with the other person to find a win-win solution to the problem in hand – the one that most satisfies the concerns of both parties. The win-win approach sees conflict resolution as an opportunity to come to a mutually beneficial result. It includes identifying the underlying concerns of the opponents and finding an alternative which meets each party’s concerns.

Examples of when collaborating may be appropriate: Continue reading

Corporate Governance

Corporate governance is a term that refers broadly to the rules, processes, or laws by which businesses are operated, regulated, and controlled. . They provide the guidelines as to how the company can be directed or controlled such that it can fulfil its goals and objectives in a manner that adds to the value of the company The term can refer to internal factors defined by the officers, stockholders or constitution of a corporation, as well as to external forces such as consumer groups, clients, and government regulations.

Well-defined and enforced corporate governance provides a structure that, at least in theory, works for the benefit of everyone concerned by ensuring that the enterprise adheres to accepted ethical standards and best practices as well as to formal laws. To that end, organizations have been formed at the regional, national, and global levels.

In recent years, corporate governance has received increased attention because of high-profile scandals involving abuse of corporate power and, in some cases, alleged criminal activity by corporate officers. An integral part of an effective corporate governance regime includes provisions for civil or criminal prosecution of individuals who conduct unethical or illegal acts in the name of the enterprise.

Emotional Intelligence


Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. It the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions. Some researchers suggest that emotional intelligence can be learned and strengthened, while others claim it is an inborn characteristic.

The Four Branches of Emotional Intelligence

Salovey and Mayer proposed a model that identified four different factors of emotional intelligence: the perception of emotion, the ability reason using emotions, the ability to understand emotion and the ability to manage emotions.

1.     Perceiving Emotions: The first step in understanding emotions is to accurately perceive them. In many cases, this might involve understanding nonverbal signals such as body language and facial expressions.

2.     Reasoning With Emotions: The next step involves using emotions to promote thinking and cognitive activity. Emotions help prioritize what we pay attention and react to; we respond emotionally to things that garner our attention.

3.     Understanding Emotions: The emotions that we perceive can carry a wide variety of meanings. If someone is expressing angry emotions, the observer must interpret the cause of their anger and what it might mean. For example, if your boss is acting angry, it might mean that he is dissatisfied with your work; or it could be because he got a speeding ticket on his way to work that morning or that he’s been fighting with his wife.

4.     Managing Emotions: The ability to manage emotions effectively is a key part of emotional intelligence. Regulating emotions, responding appropriately and responding to the emotions of others are all important aspect of emotional management.

Knowledge Management: an emerging management concept

Knowledge Management is a process that helps organizations identify, select, organize, disseminate and transfer important information and expertise that are a part of the organizational memory that typically resides within an organization in an unstructured manner. It is also treated as the knowledge warehouse. This enables effective and efficient problem solving, dynamic learning, strategic planning and decision making. Knowledge management focuses on identifying knowledge, explicating it in a way so that it can be shared in a formal manner, and thus reusing it.

Knowledge management enables the communication of knowledge from one person to another so that it can be used by the other person. It covers a wide range of areas that can be practiced within an organization. The fields in which knowledge concepts are deployed in organization through knowledge initiatives are:

·          sharing knowledge and best practices

·          instilling responsibility for sharing knowledge

·          capturing and reusing best practices

·          embedding knowledge in products , services and processes

·          producing knowledge as a product

·          driving knowledge generation for innovation

·          mapping networks of experts

·          building and mining customer knowledge bases

 

Goals and Objectives of Knowledge Management

The aim of knowledge management is to continuously improve an organization’s performance through the improvement and sharing of organizational knowledge throughout the organization (i.e., the aim is to ensure the organization has the right knowledge at the right time and place). Knowledge management is the set of proactive activities to support an organization in creating, assimilating, disseminating, and applying its knowledge. Knowledge management is a continuous process to understand the organization’s knowledge needs, the location of the knowledge, and how to improve the knowledge.

Broadly, we can put classify the goal of knowledge management into four different aspects.

·        create knowledge repository

·        improve knowledge assets

·        enhance the knowledge environment

·        manage knowledge as an asset

Knowledge Management Activities

Knowledge management consists of four basic functions: externalization, internalization, intermediation and cognition (Frappaolo, 1998):

Externalization:Externalization is capturing knowledge in an external repository and organizing it by some framework in an effort to discover similar knowledge. Technologies that support externalization are imaging systems, databases, workflow technologies, document management systems using clustering techniques, etc.

Internalization: Internalization is the process of identifying knowledge, usually explicit, relevant to a particular user’s needs. It involves mapping a particular problem, situation, or a point of interest against the body of knowledge already captured through externalization.

Intermediation: Intermediation  is similar to the brokering process for matching a knowledge seeker with the best source of knowledge (usually tacit) by tracking the experience and interest of individuals and groups of individuals. Some technologies that facilitate these processes are groupware, intranets, workflow and document management systems.

Cognition: Cognition  applies the knowledge exchanged preceding three processes. This is probably the knowledge management component that is most difficult to automate because it relies on human cognition to recognize where and how knowledge can be used.

In order to manage knowledge effectively in organizations, besides other factors, special attention should be given to contextual dimensions of organization such as strategy, technology and culture, that is:

·        Most important is building a strong culture to adopt and support it.

·        Defining effective strategies for using all knowledge resources efficiently.

·        Using information technologies (digital documents, intranets, expert systems etc) for developing knowledge management systems.

IS OB a common sense?

Organizational Behavior Is Not Simply Common Sense

In some ways, organizational behavior is taken as a common sense. The motivation, control, teamwork seems to be a common sense in some ways. But it is more than just the common sense when it comes to the structuring of a whole organization with so many different people, and learning styles, and also the common goals and mission of the organization.
It almost becomes a management science. And it has to be treated as such. Also, the OB will have to be a little more human than plain pure hard science, which is why it cannot be treated as all fact.

Many organizations survive on the edge and the directors as well as staff think on feet to accomplish what in all good conscience they have to for upholding their companies’ agenda.
There are many books which discuss all this, in detail and there are always ideas that can help improve the work that organizations pride themselves in rendering.

Organizational behavior is a very inter disciplinary field from economics to management and even to ethics of running a corporation. The curriculum OB course include case studies from various corporations. And that provides a good sense of organizational behavior to the students at college and graduate levels.

In that sense, OB can be taught in a field work manner as well, where multiple fields come together.

So it can simply be said that OB is more than a common sense.

Organistic Vs Mechanistic Leader


The nature, size and environment of the organization is not always the same to that of others. They may be unique in terms of these paramaters which may be analysed by PESTAL of SWOT analysis. Organistic and mechanistic organizations are the two models that helps in adopting the change and make the work process more efficient.

Companies facing a dynamic and uncertain environment may have to develop or maintain an organic organizational structure, whereas companies operating in a stable environment may benefit from developing or maintaining a mechanistic organizational structure.

The reason for this is that organic structures can process and distribute information and knowledge faster within the organization, which thus results in an increased ability to respond or react to changes in the environment.

However, mechanistic structures may act as an effective and efficient organizational structure for companies operating in a more stable and certain environment. Companies operating in a stable environment may not need to make decisions quickly. Likewise, many of the day-to-day decisions and operating procedures may be formalized and centralized, because there is no inherent need for constant change or innovation.

 

Some characteristics for each type of organizational structure are listed below: Continue reading

Organizational Culture


Organizational culture, sometimes also referred to as corporate culture, is a general term that outlines the collective attitudes, beliefs, common experiences, procedures, and values that are prevalent in an organization and others similar to it. Organizational culture is the phrase much more likely to be used within the corporate world itself, as it also affects stakeholders, who may or may not be directly involved in the daily transaction.

Organizational culture tends to be the larger shared goals and vision for a company, but that doesn’t make it the end. Within the larger organizational culture will be many smaller sub-cultures that are still dedicated to the larger picture, but have their own system of operating and working to be more efficient in their task, and their part of the larger picture. This helps to create unity and increase general worker efficiency. Organizational culture helps to establish the expected guidelines, expectations, and rules that will help the company achieve their goals.

A classic example of this would be computer tech people. Because of the extremely specialized nature of their expertise, computer technicians are likely to have their own odd behaviors, working conditions, and strategies to getting the job done. Computer language leads to a whole series of terminologies or technologies that many non computer people won’t have a clue about–but their organizational sub culture affects the larger organizational culture as a whole, for the better or worse of the company, but hopefully for the better!

There are different measures of this as well. A company or corporation that has a staff which responds strongly to organizational values and can successfully pass that on to the workers at every level are considered to be part of a “strong culture.” Inversely, if the opposite is true where overly restrictive rules, procedures, and bureaucracy are necessary to enforce the company’s vision, then that is definitely considered “weak culture.”

Weak organizational culture is a detriment to a company for obvious reasons. The extra supervision, rules, and bureaucracy cause the company to be less efficient and less effective. In addition, having these extra layers also tends to be much more expensive, which will obviously show on the bottom line. Weak cultures can not take advantage of an opportunity that demands quick, decisive action.

Strong organizational culture tends to be a good thing, but there are also some dangers that have to be watched. For one, if everyone is completely in line with the organizational culture of a company, and hold the same centralized beliefs on how the goals should be accomplished, then there is a danger of “group think.” This is where an entire group thinks in such similar terms that they lose the ability to become innovative or take a unique approach to a problem. To put it another way, they lose their ability to “think outside the box.”

Organizational culture is still necessary for any company of size, and a strong organizational culture combined with an openness to new creative ideas and problem solving can be the building blocks to something amazing.

 

Social Loafing


S
ocial loafing is the phenomenon of people exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group than when they work alone. This is seen as one of the main reasons groups are sometimes less productive than the combined performance of their members working as individuals, but should be distinguished from the coordination problems that groups sometime experience. Social loafing is also associated with two concepts that are typically used to explain why it occurs: The “free-rider” theory and the resulting “sucker effect”, which is an individual’s reduction in effort in order to avoid pulling the weight of a fellow group member.

 Research on social loafing began with rope pulling experiments by Ringelmann, who found that members of a group tended to exert less effort into pulling a rope than did individuals alone. In more recent research, studies involving modern technology, such as online and distributed groups, has also shown clear evidence of social loafing. Many of the causes of social loafing stem from an individual feeling that his or her effort will not matter to the group. Therefore, effective ways to reduce social loafing involve increasing the motivation of individual group members or improving their coordination.

Traffic Problem in New Baneshwor


CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

New Baneshwor is one of the major junctions and also known as the heart of the Kathmandu Valley. This place consists of all the major educational institution, hospitals, a wide range of market, and most important, “constitutional assembly” of the country. So it is one of the busiest places of Kathmandu valley. The vehicle in the road always seems to be crowded and the volume is higher in the peak hour. As a result, there is a high traffic jam and the vehicle needs a long period of time to cross this spot. Motor bikes are always in a hurry to overtake and sometimes they even capture the footpath designed for pedestrians. It is always hard to cross the road in this area and sometimes it takes more than 5 minutes. Traffic police always seems busy in managing the flow of vehicles. Although there are more number of traffic police deployed, road accidents are also frequently occurring in this area.

Road is the common place of all the people. All the people can exercise equal right and has equal responsibility upon it. It is a myth that there is a severe traffic problem in New Baneshwor. It can be clearly seen by different consequences like a huge number of peoples crossing the road and a long queue of vehicles waiting to pass the point. The narrow road, unmanaged parking and footpath business, and the absence of Sky Bridge are some of the reasons unmanaged traffic in New Baneshwor. This section of study tries to find out the problem and respective solution of traffic problem from three different perspectives. Different ideas of problems and solutions of traffic are collected from these three different angles and a combined view is developed.

1.1 Background of study

It was the time when I was returning back to home from my college, the time was already 6:50. Since I live in Minbhawan, I have to pass New Baneshwor chowk to reach that point. I felt a sense of inconvenience by the unmanaged footpath business which made me difficult to walk. When I reached new Baneshwor Chowk, the situation was much more miserable. There was intense flow of traffic on the road with annoying horns. Vehicles were seemed to be in hurry and were trying to overtake each other. On the other hand, there were more than 200 peoples on each side of the road waiting for the signal of police officer to cross the road. Since I was with my friends, we talked on the same issue of traffic jams in this spot. And when the traffic police signaled to cross the road, there was a flow of peoples on the road.

This picture was imprisoned in my mind till night. Then I thought of why not to make a small study revealing the problems of New Baneshwor that induce traffic jam. Then I tried to collect the problems and recommendations from three different angles of pedestrians, passengers or vehicles owners and police officer. So this report is the blend of view of different angles of traffic jam of New Baneshwor. Continue reading

Environmental Analysis of Ncell

Assessment of External Environment

Forces and condition outside the organization that affects the performance and outcome of the business organization is the External environment of the business organization. The control of external environmental factors is out of the hand of business organization. Analysis of external environment depicts the opportunities and threats to business organization. External environment consist of different factors such as political, economic, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental. In short we can say as PESTLE Analysis

Political Analysis

Politically, it will not be wrong to say that Nepal is in the state of the transition phase. So the political instability seems to be normal during this period. All the sectors in the economy are more or less affected by it, and Ncell also can’t remain unaffected. The major areas that are affected by the political system is in terms of new investment and direct restriction of the authority body.NTA is the regulating body of telecommunication sector in the country. Since the largest telecommunication house, NTC is state owned body; NTA always makes laws in favor of NTC. Due to this factor, private sector like Ncell is facing the trouble of game of politics. The most relevant example is the price factor. Although Ncell is trying to reduce the service tariff, it is unable to reduce due to the restrictions made by NTA. Apart from that, unclear rules and regulations and the less reactive bureaucrats is also the political problem for Ncell. For example, due to the unclear government policy, Ncell is forced to keep its highly precious machines in the duty office Tatopani since 4 months.

Economic Analysis

Although the economy in the world is shrinking, the disposable income of the people in Nepal is increasing. The inflow of remittance in the country is directly helping in this prospect. The number of people using the cellular mobile phone is increasing day by day. Furthermore, the inflow of Chinese mobile phones at the low cost is also helping people to enjoy the services of mobile technology. Hence in Nepal, the economic environment seems to be favorable. Continue reading

SWOT Analysis of Ncell

SWOT Analysis:

Strength

a.       Part of TeliaSonera: TeliaSonera holds about 80% shares of Ncell. It is a strong and competitive group, which has high pool of resources. Ncell gains a lot of advantage from the parent company in terms of knowledge/technology sharing, fully leveraging benefits of scale and synergy through business strategy and network building techniques.

b.      Largest market share: Ncell is the largest telecom service provider (GSM), having 43% market share. It has crossed more than 80 lakhs customer. Besides, it is also a leading ISP in Nepal.

c.       Strong Distribution Network: With the equal distribution of customer all over Nepal, it has established 14 Ncell centre in the major cities of the country that gives full phase customer service. Besides, there are hundreds of Ncell shops all over the country.

d.      Brand Identity: Strong advertisements and promotions of Ncell are one of its biggest strength. It has ample resources to invest in its branding. Every new scheme it offers increases the sales of Ncell. Thus, it is a strong brand identity. Today, from a 10-year-old child to 70-year-old grand-papa; everyone is aware of the brand “Ncell”, especially with the purple color.

e.       Highly Skilled human resource: The ability to attract the best talent in the market & to retain it has become one of the key factors of Ncell’s success. Currently Ncell have an efficient manpower of more than 500 employees.

f.       Innovation: Innovation is another strong aspect of Ncell. It has been growing itself and always succeeded to bring new and innovative product to the markets for its consumers. Ncell connect is once such innovative product introduced by Ncell.

g.      Strong R&D: Ncell has built on its R&D under TeliaSonera. R&D technology centers of TeliaSonera in various parts of the world have highly qualified scientists and technologists. With the strong support from TeliaSonera R&D as well as the brand development capabilities, the company is well placed to meet the challenges arising from the increased competition intensity.

Weakness

a.       High Advertising Costs: Ncell is been paying high cost for its advertising agency. There is a significant increase in the advertising budget. Continue reading

Netflix.com: An overview

Netflix is currently the largest online DVD rental company in the US. The company offers a prepaid plan for customers to rent DVDs online and have the DVDs mailed to them in envelopes. Since the inception of the company, Netflix has been constantly trying to improve itself on a few fronts of the business in order to better position the company to its partners and most importantly, its customers. Moreover, the company faces tough competition not only from traditional video rental stores, but also other online video rental companies. On top of that, Netflix has a huge rivalry with Blockbuster, the largest video rental chain in the US. In recent times, Netflix has also been facing the threats of online video and Video-on-Demand (VOD), and are currently looking into the possibility of entering this space. As being a rental service provider, it generates the revenue mainly from the subscription fee. Netflix has earned the huge revenue of $493.7 million in 2011(according to a survey of 25 analysts polled by FactSet Research). It is planning to expand its business into 43different countries with the full phase service.

Netflix has implemented the effective CRM (Cinematch) and SCM (Stevens 2005) in the business process to tap the environmental opportunities and create a competitive advantage in the industry.

Netflix’s current business model is very technology intensive but only has a simple concept of operation attached to it. The main idea was for Netflix to offer convenient access to movies. Customers subscribe for a fee through the website and they can start adding movies to their “wish” list and recommendations for movies are even provided based on individual customer preferences. Customers can view videos and TV shows in not only from laptops and TV but also from the smart devices like iPad and iPhone. The major software supported by Netflix are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Android including the HTC Incredible(2.2), Samsung Nexus S(2.3), Motorola Droid(2.2), LG Revolution(2.2), Commando C771(2.2), and Archos32 Internet Tablet(2.2), iOS iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, Apple TV.

Hence, Netflix have been doing the traditional type of business differently with the help of e-commerce and able to add value to the customer and its other stakeholders. Continue reading

Environmental Analysis of Nepal Telecom

Assessment of Internal Environment

 Image

Forces and condition within the organization that affects the performance and outcomes is internal environment of the organization. It defines the scope and boundary of the business organization. These forces within the organization are controllable by the organization. Analysis of Internal environment depicts the strengths and weakness of the organization.

Strategy:

After all being the government organization, strategy in NTC is to reach and retain its customer more broadly. NTC is trying to install better management softwares to handle its cross functional areas. With focus on its management NTC are about to have an Enterprise Resource Planning to improve its management of man, machine and material to have better satisfied customers.

NTC is also reducing cost for customer and staying competitive in the market. To counter the competitors strategy and techniques of attracting customer, NTC, without lagging behind are working on providing services in lower cost, customer friendly and new schemes and features.

Employees:

Without forgetting that the NTC is government organization, for the people working and about to work in the organization obviously have the presence of prestige and security. Being the largest profit earning government organization, here the employees believe that their job is secure and satisfactory.

With the good sense of security and prestige, NTC is also facing various problems in the organization. The organization is encountering the hitch of overstaffing and human resource management. The employees in the organization are not well updated with the technology and trends in telecommunication. Company cannot train all of them and also it is hard to fire them. Cost of training to employees is very much high and it is difficult to recruit the employees in right place. Though new technologies are emerging in NTC, employees and the management are quite traditional and persist resistant to change. It is complicated to build the confidence and change the attitude of employees in the organization for new technologies and trends.

Shareholders:

Mostly, the company is owned by government. The very large portion of share is of government of 91.49%. There is very less amount of shares of general public. With the good performance of the company, earning per share of NTC is growing comparing to last year. Therefore the NTC is providing healthy dividend amounts to its shareholders.

Shareholders Classification

Outstanding Number of Shares

Percentage

Government of Nepal

137,239,910

91.49%

Citizen Investment trust

50,000

0.03%

Public

5,737,905

3.83%

Employees

6,972,185

4.65%

Total

150,000,000

100%

Frst, Let’s Fire all the managers

First Let’s Fire all the Managers

An article review

 

“First Let’s Fire all the Managers” is a interesting article  published in HBR based on a true management model which is successfully being practiced in a large food processing organization by the name of M/S Morning Star, the company started as a tomato trucking company.

The article is very exciting and very hard to believe that an organization is running without managers.

The only thing which has helped me in digesting the concept is that it is coming from a reputable business journal, the Harvard Business Review. The company Morning Star has been following this model since last two decades, so it must be working for them.

The concept originated by the founder of the company Chris Rufer; is simple, it is just that there is no Boss; all of the members of the organization are their own boss. Every individual work area is independent, responsible for meeting their targets which conform to the corporate target. Each individual is a profit center and is responsible to generate his/her profit as per the corporate requirement which at the end of the business cycle supports the bottom line. Every business area is allowed to incur the budgeted expenditures, can make the improvements in their process as they feel is required after consulting with the pre and post process owners. There is no concept of promotions, no fancy titles, accountability is at all levels, creativity is ample as all the members of the team are expected to create new ideas which improves the organization. Team and team players are a must.

Organizations that are setting up the hierarchical level with line and divisional managers are earning awesome value and profit. Today how much we learn about the successful companies of the world, they are almost the hierarchical based company. But, Morning Star has thought to enter the industry by using the manager-less concept. There are some of the causes of entering into this concept:

  • The cost of deploying managers in an organization is very costly. It additionally creates the hierarchy and the benefits and salary for them increases anonymously.
  • Decision making becomes slow: As the hierarchical level increases, manager’s eagerness to use the authority may delay the work flow process and slows down the decision making process.
  • Powerful managers even can make costly and devastating decision if the power is centered in one person.
  • Some time, the powerful managers can kill the important concept and ideas of the lower level employees.

An organization without boss becomes successful only when the employees of an organization are competent enough to face the challenge and bear the risk. It is not for those who are quiet pessimistic and like to work under direct guidance. Employees set their own goals to accomplish it. And for the resources needed to achieve those goals, they need not have to wait for the purchase officers’s decision.  Each and every person can purchase whatever they like that supports the individual/ organizational goals. So with this decision, employees are free to choose the sector in which they want to work for.

Although there is a minimal chance of arrising the conflict between the employees, there is also a solution for it. If the conflict appears between two parties within an organization, there is an independent body that helps in resolution of conflict. So it is resolved internally.

So, for the smart and deserving candidate who wants to be a leader and very eager to face the challenges. This type of organization is very much beneficial. It gives satisfaction at the workplace and increases delegation. But due to the lack of adoption capability, it is found that more than 50 % of the total workers leave the organization. Proper selection of the employees with proper guidance is seen very essential in this regards.

In the absence of a single rigid manager, everyone’s a manager. The job of managing includes planning, organizing, directing, staffing, and controlling, and everyone at Morning Star is expected to do all these things. Everyone is a manager of their own mission. They are managers of the agreements they make with colleagues, they are managers of the resources they need to get the job done, and they are managers who hold their colleagues accountable.”

Although the context of firing all the managers in each and every organization is almost impossible, the move taken by Morning Star is incredible. The organization and the human resource fit the modality. But it is very hard to find the competent and self motivated human resource in every context.

Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive dissonance is the state of discomfortness that results from holding two conflicting beliefs. Cognitive dissonance can occur in many areas of life, but it is particularly evident in situations where an individual’s behavior conflicts with beliefs that are integral to his or her self-identity. In a state of dissonance, people may feel surprise, dread, guilt, anger, or embarrassment. For example, consider a situation in which a woman who values financial security is in a relationship with a man who is financially irresponsible.

The conflict:

  • It is important for her to be financially secure.
  • She is dating a man who is financially unstable.

In order to reduce this dissonance between belief and behavior, she can either leave the relationship or reduce her emphasis on financial security. In the case of the second option, dissonance could be further minimized by emphasizing the positive qualities of her significant other rather than focusing on his perceived flaws.

The other best example describing cognitive dissonance is the conflict between knowing smoking is injurious to health and the eagerness to smoke

Changing Organizational Structure in 21st Century

“Organizational structure” refers to the formal and informal patterns of relationships by which an institution organizes work and distributes power. The bureaucratic structure is rigid, hierarchical, and segmented. It also dilutes individual responsibility. The net effect is insufficient responsiveness to citizen concerns and costly inefficiencies arising from excessive controls that ultimately fail to provide accountability to the public for achieving results. Whereas, some modern and adoptive organizations are changing to flat and has got a wide span of control.

Organizations should work through the following agents to exercise the change.

  • Organize work around results that customers consider valuable.
  • Shift accountability from the use of rigid, centralized management control systems to a reliance on quasi-market techniques, such as competition among providers, and concentrate on high-quality results.
  • Create partnerships within and between agencies, and create flexible relationships to increase the focus on serving customer needs.
  • Empower employees with the authority, skills, and information required to do their jobs, and redefine managers’ role to that of team leader, coach, or facilitator.

The strategies for change

There are basically four strategies to make a change in the organizational structure

  1. Streamline Structures

The first strategy is to delayer headquarters and streamline field structures. This approach targets administrative costs and positions. Therefore, careful study is needed to ensure closures contribute to improved service delivery, not just cost savings. Each agency must make its own administrative reduction decisions based on its knowledge of mission and priorities.

  1. Reengineer Work Processes

This strategy, which often is referred to as “starting over,” calls for beginning with a blank sheet of paper and then designing the optimal way to perform a necessary process, regardless of the pre- existing system. The process often produces radical change, with functions eliminated or redesigned. Private sector experience indicates that reengineering can sharply reduce internal processes and generate significant change. Federal experience, such as at the Defense Department and Internal Revenue Service (IRS), suggests great potential for improving performance and reducing costs.

  1. Create Boundary-Crossing Partnerships

Real life needs do not always conform to the existing bureaucratic design of a program. Citizens often need services from more than one department at a time. Problems such as unemployment, crime, the environment, workforce training, and natural disaster relief demand a multi-department response. Cross-boundary partnerships are essential to helping the government address complex problems in a comprehensive fashion without adding programs or creating agencies.

  1. Create Self-Managing Work Teams

In growing numbers of corporations, work teams have replaced traditional management, often dramatically increasing productivity and enhancing the quality of work life for employees. Not all teams are alike in the responsibility and accountability they possess. But highly developed teams control functions once reserved for management: hiring, firing, and promoting; designing work processes; establishing production schedules; setting goals and performance measures; and maintaining quality control.

Attribution Theory

Attribution theory is the way of viewing people and their behavior. It says that people associates their behavior either with internal or external (situational). We may me wondering or often ask question, why we sometimes fail the exam or sometimes arrive late at the classroom. Those activities or behavior are guided by internal or external attributes.

An important assumption of attribution theory is that people will interpret their environment in such a way as to maintain a positive self-image. That is, they will attribute their successes or failures to factors that will enable them to feel as good as possible about themselves. In general, this means that when learners succeed at an academic task, they are likely to want to attribute this success to their own efforts or abilities; but when they fail, they will want to attribute their failure to factors over which they have no control, such as bad teaching or bad luck.

According to attribution theory, the explanations that people tend to make to explain success or failure can be analyzed in terms of three sets of characteristics:

  • First, the cause of the success or failure may be internal or external. That is, we may succeed or fail because of factors that we believe have their origin within us or because of factors that originate in our environment.
  • Second, the cause of the success or failure may be either stable or unstable. If we believe cause is stable, and then the outcome is likely to be the same if we perform the same behavior on another occasion. If it is unstable, the outcome is likely to be different on another occasion.
  • Third, the cause of the success or failure may be either controllable or uncontrollable. A controllable factor is one which we believe we ourselves can alter if we wish to do so. An uncontrollable factor is one that we do not believe we can easily alter.
Link

Bhopal gas was a great and so sorrowful disaster to kill more than 27000 lifes. So with this background, i have presented the critical analysis of the article “bhopal gas tragedy”.

Please click the following link to download the file and click on the download buttom.

Thank You

Role of feedback in communication

Role of feedback in communication

Communication is the exchange and flow of information and ideas from one person to another. It involves a sender transmitting an idea, information, or feeling to a receiver. Effective communication occurs only if the receiver understands the exact information or idea that the sender intended to transmit.

The communication has a vicious cycle which continues even after sending message to the respondents. The audience or the respondents may or get the same intended message as the speaker intends to send. This cycle ends only when they share their understandings and comments to the speaker about what they have understood. This process is called feedback.

Feedback is essential in communication so as to know whether the recipient has understood the message in the same terms as intended by the sender and whether he agrees to that message or not. Receivers are not just passive absorbers of messages. They receive the message and respond to about the subject matter about what they have understood. This response of a receiver to sender’s message is called Feedback. Sometimes a feedback could be a non-verbal, smiles, sighs and other times, it is oral. It can also be written like replying to an e-mail, etc.

Feedback also enables us to evaluate the effectiveness of our message. It makes communication meaningful. It is the end-result of an idea and makes communication a continuous process. If our audience doesn’t understand what we mean, we can tell by the response and then refine the message accordingly. Giving our audience a chance to provide feedback is crucial for maintaining an open communication climate. The speaker must create an environment that encourages feedback. For example after explaining the job to the subordinated he must ask them whether they have understood it or not. He should ask questions like “Do you understand?”, “Do you have any doubts?” etc. At the same time he must allow his subordinated to express their views also.

Feedback has a great role in the organizational point of view also. There are lots of ways in which company takes feedback from their employees, such as: Employee surveys, memos, emails, open-door policies, company news letter etc. Employees are not always willing to provide feedback. The organization has to work a lot to get the accurate feedback. The managers should encourage feedback by asking specific questions, allowing their employees to express general views, etc. The organization should be receptive to their employee’s feedback.

Static communication creates a vacuum. The speaker assumes the message is received but has no feedback from the listener. This lack of feedback means the speaker fails to modify the message to help the listener better understands the speaker’s attitude and position. When businesses fail to create open feedback channels, they operate in a communication vacuum. Management and owners can’t improve their messages to employees, and workers aren’t able to ask questions about operations or make suggestions for business improvement.

In general, we can quantify the following importance of feedback in communication, either in a formal or informal setting.

1. It completes the whole process of communication and makes it continuous.

2. It sustains communication process

3. It makes one know if one is really communication or making sense

4. It is a basis for measuring the effectiveness of communication

5. It is a good basis for planning on what next to be done especially statistical report

6. Communication will be useless without feedback

7. Feedback paves way for new idea generation

The basis being established here is that, feedback is the livewire of communication as communication is the livewire of human existence and interaction. The process of communication finishes only when the vicious cycle ends up with feedback. Thus, feedback should be carefully considered before being put forward due to its significance.

References:

  1. H. Leavitt and R. Mueller. “Some Effects of Feedback o Communication.” Human Relations 4, 1951, pp. 401-41

movie review of “chakde India”

Background of the Movie

Chak De India is a 2007 Bollywood movie produced under the banner of Yash Chopda. The story in the movie goes side by side with the Indian hockey team and the mental aspect arisen between the players, coach and the audience. Sharukh Khan is in the lead role in the movie who is a player and a coach of the female hocky team. Khan was the captain of the Indian hockey team when they lose the final match against the Pakistan. When various questions were raised against him after Pakistan won the match, he was under the shadow for seven years. And finally he came in the main stream as a coach of female hockey team to erect the mistake he had made earlier and to drive the Indian hockey team to a paramount.

Chakde India is a social movie that comprises the entire human and the behavioral aspect of the human beings. The human attributes like motivation, perception, leadership, psychology, and team dynamics are clearly and explicitly presented in the movie. In this regard, we can call ‘chakde India” as a behavioral movie.

The movie starts with the hockey final match between India and Pakistan. Indian captain Shahrukh Khan misses the penalty and looses the match. After the completion of the match, the handshake between the players misinterpreted by the media and the public which costs him a lot, his career, pride and a lot more. He becomes passive for 7 years. And when he returns back, he comes with an enthusiasm to erase his dishonor and to uplift the Indian Hockey team.

Behavioural Aspect of the movie

The movie Chak De India is organizational behavior put in practice. It consists of the organizational behavior topics like leadership, team formation, norming and storming of team work, group dynamics, personality, motivation, etc. All these concepts are presented with the parallel story of Indian female hockey team.

The most important aspect of the movie is team building process. The players from various states with different ethnic background, language, culture, personality and attitudes come upon a team to play together with a common goal i.e to play for the country. It also showed that goal can be easily achieved if they work on the team with the shared values and motives. In the movie, comparatively a weaker team went up to the hockey finals and won against the strong team Australia.

The movie also shows the role of an effective leader to inspire and motivate the team fo find out an extraordinary results. To find the goal, right person should be placed in the right place at the right time by knowing the individual difference. Organizational goal must be synchronized with the personal goal in order to increase the efficiency. All these traits of leadership are beautifully presented in the movie from the leadership lesson of the main character Salim Khan. Continue reading

Review of monetary policy of Nepal Rastra Bank NRB

following is the link to download the file of monetary policy review aof nepal rastra bank. download and enjoy it……..

thanks..

http://www.mediafire.com/file/lkdjuhb7motsvd8/monetary_policy_final.docx